Archive for the ‘Midwest DairyBusiness’ Category

MATRIC publishes book on feeding distillers grains

The Midwest Agribusiness Trade Research and Information Center (MATRIC) at Iowa State University has published a book on using distillers grains, a co-product of biofuels production, as a feedstuff for livestock and poultry. The book is only available online at www.matric.iastate.edu/DGbook and is free for downloading.

The book, “Using Distillers Grains in the U.S. and International Livestock and Poultry Industries,” was edited by Bruce Babcock, Dermot Hayes and John Lawrence, all professors of economics at Iowa State University. The editors invited internationally renowned experts in animal science, economics, trade, and transportation and logistics from Iowa State and six other universities to share their knowledge and the latest research about distillers grains.

Chapters cover nutrition and live animal performance of beef cattle, dairy cattle, swine and poultry when fed various distillers grain products. Storage, shelf life and transportation issues are included, as are new technologies on the horizon and challenges remaining in the use of distillers grains. Two chapters discuss the trade value of U.S. distiller grains in small and large international markets.

A chapter on ingredient value and cost includes an online calculator program. Livestock and poultry producers can use the calculator to determine their best-cost diet in the context of current market supply and demand and balanced nutrient content for a specific animal species. Feed distributors can use the calculator to determine appropriate pricing of a feed ingredient.

“This book is a comprehensive, solid resource on all aspects of distillers grains feeding, handling and marketing,” said Lucy Norton, managing director of the Iowa Renewable Fuels Association. “Distillers grains are a valuable source of protein and energy that can be an economical addition to feed rations. Providing Iowa’s livestock producers with these guidelines and tools will enhance the feeding of ethanol co-products.”

MATRIC is an affiliate of the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development at Iowa State University. MATRIC funds interdisciplinary research projects in agribusiness and trade.

Dairy veterinarians highlight need for improved methods of detecting mastitis

Ability to detect mastitis at subclinical level and in early lactation would benefit producers

 Current methods for detecting and diagnosing mastitis in dairy cows are not serving the needs of dairy producers well, according to a survey of leading dairy veterinarians conducted at the recent annual meeting of the American Association of Bovine Practitioners in Charlotte, NC.  The veterinarians surveyed are responsible for nearly 2 million cows in the United States. 

Survey respondents rated current detection methods only an average of 5.2 on a 10-point scale for their ability to meet producers’ needs.  In addition, veterinarians overwhelming supported the importance of detecting mastitis at the subclinical level and in early lactation period for freshened cows.  Mastitis, an infection in milk-producing glands in dairy cows, results in a $2 billion loss in the $25 billion U.S. milk production industry each year. 

“The survey results highlight the need for earlier, quicker and more accurate detection of mastitis,” said Rudy Rodriguez, president and chief technology officer, Advanced Animal Diagnostics (AAD).  “Technology developed by AAD will allow simple and accurate analysis of differential inflammatory cell counts in addition to the traditional somatic cell count to diagnose mastitis.”

Introduced in the 1960s, somatic cell count method measures the total number of leukocytes (white blood cells) in a milk sample.  Proprietary AAD technology allows the detection of three different types of leukocytes — lymphocytes, neutrophils and macrophages – which provides the ability to detect mastitis at a subclinical level, much earlier than by measuring somatic cell counts. 

Of survey respondents, 94% said that differential counts are more effective than traditional measures of detecting mastitis.  In addition, veterinarians rated the importance of detecting mastitis at a subclinical level at an 8.7 on a 10-point scale. 

“The bottom line is delivering an easy-to-use technology that will help dairy producers increase profits by detecting and treating mastitis at an earlier, subclinical level,” said Rodriguez.  “Producers will be able to treat infected cows earlier, reducing loss of milk production and risk of infection to other cows in the herd.”

Veterinarians overwhelmingly stated that it is important to detect mastitis at freshening, rating it at 8.9 on a 10-point scale.  Incidence of mastitis is highest shortly after calving, with 35% of all infections starting in early lactation.  Current methods do not allow practical testing of all cows following calving, however measurement of differential inflammatory cell counts with new technology from AAD allows detection of mastitis in colostrum at the quarter level.

 Source: Advanced Animal Diagnostics (AAD) was founded in 2001 to commercialize exclusively licensed proprietary technology for the diagnosis of farm-animal diseases, beginning with those that affect milk and milk products. Visit www.advancedanimaldiagnostics.com.

Prepare dairy calves for cool-weather stress

Cooler weather could put a chill on dairy producers’ bottom lines if they aren’t prepared for the threat of pneumonia and bovine respiratory disease (BRD). Researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison state that early BRD illness can affect a producer’s bottom line due to production losses later in the cow’s life — that is, if a calf isn’t lost to a chronic illness at a young age.

“Cool-weather months in late fall, winter and early spring are a peak threat for BRD and pneumonia,” said Dr. Bruce Nosky, manager, Veterinary Services, Merial. “The disease is costly initially due to treatment, veterinary and labor costs, but it also takes its toll over time by negatively influencing a calf’s potential to be a productive and profitable member of the herd.”

A 2002 study showed that body weight of BRD-affected heifers was estimated to be reduced by 22 pounds at 3 months old, and up to 63 pounds from heifers 14 months old. It also found that first lactation was reduced and first calving age was delayed by half a month. This can mean delayed and reduced production for the producer.

“When calves get sick, not only will their production suffer due to initial losses, but just as importantly, they may never catch up in weight and production to other calves that do not have the disease,” Nosky said. “The producer is then paying for treatment as well as the lost productivity down the road in areas that have a direct relationship with the cow’s profitability.”

Prevention of BRD includes breaking the disease cycle through proper management practices and increasing herd immunity with a vaccination program, Nosky said. The two bacteria often associated with BRD are Mannheimia haemolytica and Pasteurella multocida. These bacteria inhabit the upper respiratory tract of normal, healthy calves causing no problems, but when calves are put under stress, such as fluctuating colder temperatures, Mannheimia haemolytica and Pasteurella multocida can migrate to the lungs and pneumonia can occur. Nosky said the stress from factors like weaning, cold weather, crowding or transport can be the final additive factor that completes the disease complex — resulting in BRD.

“With cold weather on its way, protecting against Pasteurella with a vaccination program and proper management practices can help dramatically cut down on sickness in young calves and help prevent possible productivity losses after the season,” Dr. Nosky said.

To help avoid BRD and other diseases this winter, Nosky recommends the following when caring for young calves:

  1. Utilize an immunization program to vaccinate against bacterial pneumonia caused by Mannheimia haemolytica and Pasteurella multocida, and to help keep herds healthy and productive.
  2. Vaccinate prior to stress, such as weaning or transporting.
  3. Provide proper housing and ventilation to help prevent diseases from spreading. Individual calf hutches or box pens that prevent nose-to-nose contact should be used to avoid outbreaks.
  4. Supply proper nutrition and hydration to keep calves healthy and disease-free.
  5. Feed an adequate amount of colostrum to newborn calves within 12 hours of birth.

“Healthy calves grow up to be productive cows,” Nosky said. “By using proper management practices and a vaccination program that includes a Pasteurella vaccine that helps aid in the prevention against both Mannheimia haemolytica and Pasteurella multocida, producers can help improve the health and efficiency of their calves — helping to ensure they will be more productive cows.”

Merial provides a comprehensive range of products to enhance the health, well-being and performance of a wide range of animals. Merial employs approximately 5,000 people and operates in more than 150 countries worldwide. Its 2007 sales were nearly $2.5 billion. Merial Limited is a joint venture between Merck & Co., Inc. and sanofi-aventis. For more information, please see www.merial.com.

Mastitis control: Think positive

The dairy industry’s most costly health issue is well known to every producer: mastitis. This topic was discussed at length at the recent 47th annual meeting of the National Mastitis Council, where one point resonated loud and clear: The vast majority of subclinical intramammary infections are caused by gram-positive bacteria. 

Armed with this knowledge, dairy producers can save significant money and milk by altering their treatment protocols to combat the problem more selectively and more effectively.

In a three-year U.S./Canadian study conducted by the University of Minnesota, University of Wisconsin and Ontario’s University of Guelph, researchers evaluated 4,044 quarters from 1,028 fresh cows in 11 distinct herds. Of the intramammary infections (IMI) detected, a striking 91% were shown to be caused by gram-positive pathogens.  Furthermore, of the relatively small number of infections caused by gram-negative bacteria, most self-cure without treatment. 

The most important conclusion producers can take from these findings is the value of aggressively treating gram-positive infections with proven antibiotics, while leaving gram-negative infections to self-cure under observation.

The facts support “positive thinking.”

  • Gram-positive pathogens accounted for 91% of subclinical IMI in a recent study. 
  • Gram-negative pathogens accounted for less than 9% of subclinical IMI. 
  • Persistent subclinical infections are usually established by gram-positive pathogens. 
  • Two to three weeks after calving, many subclinical, gram-positive IMI are still present in the udder. Such persistence may require antibiotic treatment.
  • One persistent gram-positive pathogen, Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp., was found to be prevalent in 51% of infected animals.
  • E. coli, the study’s most common gram-negative pathogen, turned up in just 5% of such cases. 1

 

 

For gram-negative pathogens, no treatment may be the best treatment.

  • Infections caused by gram-negative bacteria tend to be mild to moderate in nature, and frequently require no treatment at all. 
  • Within 24 hours, most gram-negative infections have been shown to spontaneously resolve themselves –- without treatment. This finding comes from a Michigan State University study of 3,200 cows.
  • Another study found 90% of subclinical, environmental streptococcal and coliform IMI were eliminated without antibiotics by two to three weeks after calving. (Staph. spp. and Staph. aureus, on the other hand, persisted at least two to three weeks in more than 60% of cases.) 

 

Producers save milk and money through selective, gram-positive protocols

  • Administering antibiotic treatment on a broad scale for all cows with IMI can lead to longer-than-necessary periods of unsalable milk.
  • Selectively treating only those cows with gram-positive infections can significantly reduce antibiotic costs, reduce the number of treatments and reduce milk discard. 
  • Antibiotics have been shown to be highly effective in treating gram-positive infections.

Staph. aureus – positively a major concern

  • Staph. aureus is a contagious, gram-positive bacterium that continues to be a problem for many dairies. 
  • A 2007 survey revealed Staph. aureus makes up 43% of contagious mastitis organisms. 1
  • One leading researcher described Staph. aureus as “a highly successful mastitis pathogen in that it has evolved to produce infections of long duration with limited clinical signs.”
  • This bacterium was found in 30% to 40% of bulk tank milk samples in one university study.

Compost barns: Success takes work

Reproductive performance, foot health and culling rates appear to be the biggest winners for dairies that converted to ‘compost’ barns, but the facilities require good management to overcome other challenges.

by Susan Harlow

Whether a larger producer seeking more comfortable special needs housing, or a smaller dairy wishing to expand or upgrade cattle housing, a compost bedded pack dairy barn may be an alternative. University of Minnesota dairy scientists warn, however, that this isn’t loose housing from days gone by –- good management is necessary to make the system work.
Marcia Endres, with the University of Minnesota’s department of animal science, and her graduate student Abby Barberg studied 12 compost pack barns. The herds averaged 74 cows, and all except one herd previously housed cattle in tiestalls.
Dairies showed benefits from the change, including higher milk production, better foot and leg health, more freedom of movement for cows, and, possibly, better herd social interaction. But sawdust bedding –- cost and availability –- was a big concern.
Endres’ research found:
• Milk production increased substantially in the new barns, an average of 2,105 lbs. per cow per year, although other factors may have contributed. Milk yields were higher than in the tie-stall arrangements, but not necessarily higher than they would have been in comfortable, sand-bedded freestalls.
• Hygiene and body condition were similar to that of cows in other types of barns.
• More than half of the dairies –- 57% –- showed an increase in heat detection rates.
• 71% of dairies increased pregnancy rates, improving from an average of 13.2%, to an average of 16.5%.
• Average herd turnover rates dropped from 25.4% to 20.9%.
• SCC averaged 325,000, about the same as Minnesota’s statewide average. About 67% of the dairies reduced mastitis infection rates in the compost barns, but only 43% showed a significant drop in bulk tank SCC, which averaged 261,000.
• Foot and leg health was good. Nearly 8% of cows were clinically lame, compared to about 25% reported in freestall barns and 19.6% in tiestalls. About 75% of cows had no hock lesions.
• Pneumonia and eye irritation were sometimes problems, caused by dust when too much sawdust bedding was added at one time.

General construction
Most barns in the study were constructed like three-row barns, with concrete feed alleys. Bedded packs were built on clay bases surrounded by 4-foot perimeter walls. The walls between the feed alley and pack had two or more walkways for cows and equipment to pass through.
To remove heat and maintain a dry bedding surface, excellent ventilation is a must. Sidewall height is recommended to be higher than that for a freestall barn to accommodate the lost space of the sidewall opening due to the manure pack walls. Half of the barns studied had 14-foot sidewalls, and the other half had 16-foot sidewalls. Some with the 14-foot sidewalls said they would go to 16-foot sidewalls for their next barn to provide better access for bedding trucks.
The barns had 3-foot eave overhangs to minimize roof runoff and rain being blown onto the bedded pack.
Open ridges ranged from 1 to 3 inches per 10 feet of building width. Mixing fans are important to blow air downward toward the middle of the composting bedded pack. They need to be hung high enough to provide room for stirring equipment at the maximum bedded pack height.
Waterers located in the feed alley must be separated by distance or a wall from the composting bedded pack to minimize wetting the pack and keep waterers cleaner.

Managing the pack
Producers started out with a clean pack in the fall, bedded about 1 foot deep with dry shavings or sawdust. The bedded pack is actively managed to rapidly compost the manure and urine. Microorganisms, including bacteria and fungi, break down organic matter into simpler substances.
The effectiveness of the composting process depends on environmental conditions present within the pack, including oxygen, moisture, temperature, amount of organic matter and the size and activity of microbial populations. Essential elements include carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and moisture. If any of these elements are lacking, or if they are not provided in the proper proportion, microbial activity will be hindered, and the compost will not generate adequate heat.
Achieving high temperatures within the pack is important to killing pathogens and keeping the pack surface dry. Temperature is directly proportional to the biological activity within the composting bedded pack. As the metabolic rate of the microbes accelerate, the temperature within the bedded pack increases. Maintaining a temperature of 130 F or more for three to four days favors the destruction of weed seeds, fly larvae and pathogens, and conversion of odor- and pathogen-free organic matter into compost.
Herds in Endres’ study added a load of sawdust every two to five weeks. The packs were aerated to a depth of 8 to 10 inches when cows were being milked, a job that took about five to ten minutes. Producers used chisel plows, aerators or roto-tillers to turn the compost, drying it out and creating a fluffy surface. “That made the system work,” Endres said.
Endres recommends 80 to 85 square feet of space per cow for Holsteins, and 60 to 65 square feet for Jerseys in the bedded pack area.

Bedding costs higher
Bedding costs averaged about 60¢-80¢ per day, three to eight times more than it costs to bed freestalls, Endres said.
Some material was removed in the spring; all of it was taken out in the fall and spread on fields or sold as compost. But temperatures in the pack weren’t high enough to get rid of pathogens sufficiently for good compost, Endres said. The bedding would have to be finished off at higher temperatures first.
Udder health and milk quality are still question marks, Endres said. Although bacteria counts in the bedding material were high, udder health and milk quality weren’t necessarily compromised. “We found a lot of mastitis pathogens in the bedding –- a lot of exposure –- but not necessarily infections,” she said.
Dairies must have excellent milking preparation procedures and healthy teat ends to make the compost pack barn work.

Table 1.
Analysis of bedding samples in compost barn study
Recommended
Average         Range                 for compost
Temperature, F                   108              76-138                  130-150
Moisture, %                        54.4             28-78.9                   50-60
pH                                      8.5              6.5-9.9                    6.5-8
Nitrogen, %                       2.54              0.57-4.22                   NA
Phosphorus, ppm             3,247            378-6,668                  NA
Potassium, ppm             15,270          2,568-29,570                NA
Carbon:Nitrogen ratio    19.5:1             10.9-87.5               25:1-30:

FYI
■ Marcia Endres is an animal scientist at the University of Minnesota. Contact her via e-mail: miendres@ umn.edu, phone: 612-624-5391, or visit
to www.extension.umn.edu/dairy.

■ The University of Minnesota Extension dairy team publishes a quarterly Compost Dairy Barn Newsletter. To view archived copies, visit www.
extension.umn.edu/dairy/management/compostbarns.htm.

People Power: Employees are assets, not costs

By Bob Milligan

For at least two decades, we have heard the phrase: “Employees are assets not costs.”  The phrase represents a major shift in how employees are managed by world-class businesses, including dairy farms.  In this column we will explore this phrase and the shift in how employees are managed.

For costs (feed, fertilizer, medicines, etc.), we seek to determine the optimum amount, always keeping in mind good cost control.  For assets (investments  such as land, machinery and cows), we try to determine how to use that asset to get the greatest return.  A tractor, for example, does no us no good until we use it.  It must be maintained and repaired to maximize the return on the investment. How we manage the investment in the tractor has a great impact on the return from our investment.

Employees are very different than other assets. They can think, have feelings and multiple talents.  We must still consider what it takes to get the greatest return from this asset.
How we manage employees (partners and family members, as well) has a great impact on employee productivity and job satisfaction.

Gaining this great return in employee productivity and satisfaction starts with our attitude toward employees and permeates how we manage employees.

Let me begin this discussion with a story:

Several years ago after a presentation at a nursery and greenhouse conference, “George” approached me and told me his story.  He indicated he had worked for a small landscape business for 23 years.  In looking back, he concluded he was a terrible employee.  He took all of his vacation and all of his sick leave — whether he was sick or not.  He did the minimum.  His justification was that everyone did the same, because the owner/supervisor provided no clarity or feedback.

When his employment at that business ended, he found a job with another small landscape business. The owner/supervisor provided clarity of expectations, feedback and, generally, encouragement and support.  George indicated he now works hard, enjoys what he is doing, and believes he is an excellent employee.

George’s productivity and job satisfaction were dramatically different in working for the two similar businesses. “What was the difference?”

Obviously, George was older. However, few of us change our values, personality or motivation sufficiently to explain the difference.  The difference was the owner/supervisor.  The first owner/supervisor did little to manage his asset –- George –- and received little in return.  The second owner/supervisor worked to manage, supervise and coach George, and his efforts were rewarded with an excellent employee.

This story and the phrase “employees are assets not costs” reflect a great change in recommended practices for supervising and coaching employees.  I call the old approach that viewed employees as costs the “control focused” school of supervision.  The newer approach (emanating from the quality movement and excellent research on supervision) I call the “quality focused” school of supervision.

The following table compares the two approaches:

Control focused                                       Quality focused
Employees are                                   A cost                                                     An asset

Role of supervisor             Tells employees what to do                 Ensures employees succeed

Core value                              Based on compliance                              Based on fairness

Supervisor activities                 Training, directing,                               Training, directing,                                                                  reprimanding, discharging                    reprimanding, discharging                                                                                                           coaching,  mentoring,                                                                                                          encouraging, rewarding,                                                                                                            empowering, redirecting,                                                                                                                 holding accountable

Informal name for supervisor                     boss                                             coach

I believe essentially every business, including a dairy farm, is in the process of moving from “control focused” to “quality focused.” It is a difficult, but rewarding journey.  The rewards are personal and financial for both the owners/supervisors and the employees.

Four pillars of quality-focused programs

The following are the four pillars of a world class “quality-focused” human resource program:
1) The recruitment and selection program attracts workforce members (owner, family and employees) with the competencies –- knowledge, skills, experience, attitudes and behaviors — to succeed.
2) Workforce members are selected, oriented, developed and given responsibilities/expectations that utilize and build on each workforce member’s unique competencies, strengths and potential to grow and develop.
3) The work environment provided by the owner/leader/managers inspires and motivates each workforce member to contribute to the success of the farm.
4) Each workforce members is provided the tools -– training, quality assurance, coaching and feedback –- that enable them to succeed.

The four are not independent; however, they all are dependent upon the third pillar.  The owners, leaders and managers of your dairy farm or other business are responsible for developing an environment that inspires and motivates every member of the workforce and leads to superior productivity and extraordinary job satisfaction.
Establishing these four pillars in a dairy farm or other business is not easy.  You may need help just as you do with nutrition, herd health, machinery repair, etc.  We will investigate each of these pillars in upcoming columns.

FYI
• Robert Milligan is senior consultant, Dairy Strategies LLC, and professor emeritus, Cornell University. He can be reached at 888-249-3244, ext. 255, e-mail: rmilligan@trsmith.com, or log on to www.dairystrategies.com.

Marketing: Setting up a hedge line of credit

By Matt Mattke

Q:  I’m interested in setting up a hedge line of credit with my bank for milk marketing, but I’m not sure how much to request.  Any suggestions?

A: Setting up a hedge line of credit with your bank is an important step toward successful milk marketing. Here is why.

When money must be pulled from cash flow to meet marketing expenses, it can burden producers financially in the short run, because that is money that needs to be used to fund the day-to-day operational expenses of your dairy.  If cash flow is tight, there is the tendency to implement the risk management strategies that are the “cheapest.”  This means that, rather than implementing the best position that provides you the best floor, you’re getting mediocre price protection with a subpar position.

Also, frequently having to write out personal checks to fund your hedge positions can have a negative psychological impact, and lead to irrational marketing decisions fueled by emotion.  Often, producers that fund their marketing expenses from cash flow reach a threshold –- either cash flow-wise or psychologically — where they cannot stand to write out another check to fund their hedge positions, and instead request that all hedge positions be lifted.  This usually occurs right before the bottom falls out of the market, and the producer is left 100% exposed to the totality of the price drop.  A hedge line of credit helps to mitigate the cash flow and psychological impact on the producer, and provides greater longevity to hold hedge positions until their expiration.

The amount to budget for marketing expenses is not what it was two or three years ago.  Prior to 2007, a producer could easily budget 50¢/cwt. for a hedge line of credit.  The tremendous increase in milk price volatility over the last two years has made 50¢/cwt. an insufficient amount to budget in order to maintain hedge positions through large price swings.  In order to have enough cushion, a producer should budget about $1.75/cwt. for their hedge line of credit.  The average daily price swing is about three to four times what it was back in 2006.

The majority of banks are more than willing to extend credit to dairy producers to fund their milk marketing, especially in the extremely volatile environment we find ourselves in today.  Implementing risk management strategies “can” remove volatility from your future revenue stream, provide more revenue certainty, lock in positive cash flow, and aid in budget development.   A sufficient hedge line of credit, established to back up your hedge positions, will allow you to see them through to expiry and help to make your milk marketing more successful.

FYI
■ To have your marketing questions answered in this column, contact Matt Mattke, Market360® adviser at Stewart-Peterson. Contact him via e-mail: mmattke@stewart-peterson.com, phone: 800-334-9779 or visit www.stewart-peterson.com.

Quality variation remains DDGS challenge

An ethanol byproduct suitable for livestock feed could be easier sold and used if it was more uniform each time it is produced, said two Purdue University agricultural engineers.
Dry distillers’ grains with solubles (DDGS), the grain product left over after ethanol is produced from corn, is often chemically different from ethanol plant to ethanol plant and, sometimes, even within a plant, said Klein Ileleji and Richard Stroshine. Those differences can create shipping, storage and livestock feeding challenges, they said.
“The big issue with DDGS is the fact that the product is so variable,” Ileleji said. “Obviously, that can have a huge impact on the final product and how it is handled.”
“If livestock producers don’t have a consistent feed product, it makes it difficult for them to cost effectively formulate a good feed that will provide their animals with the nutrition they need,” Stroshine said.
Ileleji and Stroshine will address DDGS handling and storage issues during a session of the Integrated Corn Ethanol Co-product Conference. The conference will be held Nov. 18, 8:15 a.m. to 4:40 p.m., at the Beck Agricultural Center. The center is located at the Purdue Agronomy Center for Research and Education, seven miles northwest of Purdue’s West Lafayette campus along U.S. 52.
The conference is intended for those in the ethanol industry, livestock producers and animal nutritionists. Conference registration is free for those attending at the Beck Agricultural Center, although preregistration is required. The conference also can be viewed online. The Internet Webinar fee is $20 for members of the American Society of Animal Science and Purdue Extension county educators, and $30 for all others.
DDGS can take on different physical properties from batch to batch during the ethanol extraction and post-extraction processes, Stroshine said.
“In that process we break the corn down and let the starch ferment into ethanol,” he said. “Whatever is left — the liquid remaining after ethanol is removed, along with the hulls, the germ, the protein and the gluten material — goes into the DDGS. These leftovers are separated into solid and liquid portions. The solids are sent to a rotary dryer, where different amounts of the liquid condensed solubles can be added back. Differences in the amounts of solubles added cause variations in composition and particle size.”
Individual DDGS particles can be larger or smaller, meaning some particles might be holding more sugars, oil and moisture than others, Ileleji said. When that happens, and under favorable environmental conditions such as high humidity and temperatures, DDGS particles can stick together and form clumps, or what Ileleji calls caking. Problems occur when DDGS cake up in bulk shipments transported by rail car or other means.
“When the product cakes up it can be very difficult to unload,” Ileleji said. “That makes DDGS expensive to move. Because the product can cake up, two major rail carriers have stopped transporting DDGS.”
During their conference session Ileleji and Stroshine will present research they’ve conducted on identifying the causes of DDGS variability and suggestions on how the ethanol industry can produce a more uniform product. In a separate session, Ileleji will provide an overview of Purdue DDGS research.
Other Purdue speakers are scheduled to address livestock-related DDGS issues, including digestibility, animal performance and carcass qualities, feed supplements, effects on excretion and manure management.
“The two talks from Purdue animal scientists will revolve around the nutritive value of DDGS as affected by conditions within the ethanol plant,” said Scott Radcliffe, Purdue swine nutrition specialist. “One of the unique aspects of this research was that it was done across species using the same batches of DDGS. Nutrient digestibility was investigated in swine, broilers, roosters and cattle. Growth performance and carcass characteristics were investigated in swine, broilers and sheep.”
To preregister for the conference or to view the entire conference schedule, visit www.conf.purdue.edu/corn. The site includes a link to the preregistration page for the Webinar. Lunch, refreshments and conference materials will be provided for those who attend the conference at Beck.
For additional conference information, contact Radcliffe, phone: 765 496-7718; or by e-mail: jradclif@.purdue.edu. Or, contact Ileleji, phone: 765-494-1198; or by e-mail: ileleji@purdue.edu.

Missouri cow is new Holstein butterfat champion

MS Bayless Champ Flipper-ET, a four-year-old registered Holstein owned by Derek Page, Mt. Vernon, Mo., is the new all-time champion for butterfat production in a single lactation in the Holstein breed.

Calving at 3 years, 9 months of age, Flipper completed a 365-day record on three times-a-day milking of 3,705 lbs. of butterfat. She produced 64,130 lbs. of milk and 1,891 lbs. of protein, both of which rank Flipper first nationally for milk and protein in the senior-three-year-old division as well. She peaked at 242 lbs. of milk in one day.

Classified Excellent-91 at 4 years, 1 month of age, Flipper produced a great lactation as a two-year-old as well, with 42,870 lbs. of milk, 1,730 lbs. of butterfat and 1,305 lbs. of protein on three times-a-day milking, calving at 2-2.

Flipper is a daughter of Calbrett-I H H Champion-ET and is out of Clinita Terry Future-ET, an EX-92 Dam of Merit with a top record of 3-9, 2x, 365d, 36,420M, 795F, 973P.

Page purchased Flipper in the Norman Bayless dispersal in April 2006, and less than two weeks later she was the fourth-place senior two-year-old at the Southern National Holstein show.

Page said one of the funniest things about Flipper’s record is that he didn’t want her to milk that much because he wanted to show her as a three-year-old at World Dairy Expo. “We tried to slow her down by just giving her hay and grain,” Page said, “but she just kept losing condition, so we put her on a TMR and away she went. If we hadn’t tried to slow her down, she probably would have set the all-time milk record too.”

Derek farms with his parents, Leon and Betty. The herd is enrolled on Holstein COMPLETE and the 100-cow Holstein herd has a rolling herd average of nearly 30,000 lbs. of milk.

Eastern DairyBusiness to Launch in January

A new dairy title will debut in January with the launch of Eastern DairyBusiness magazine by DairyBusiness Communications.  According to Publisher Joel Hastings, coverage will be provided for the eastern half of the U.S.  The company’s Midwest and Northeast DairyBusiness magazines will be combined and coverage for the Southeast will be included.
“We’re combining the economic engine of the Northeast region with the strength and growth potential of the Midwest while adding in the evolving Southeastern states, to include 14 of the nation’s top 23 dairy states,” according to Hastings.  This region produces 50% of the nation’s milk and is home to 80% of U.S. milk producers.
The region also boasts some of the top university dairy science departments and researchers, the most progressive and forward-thinking dairy producer organizations and a strong base of dairy-related companies, providing a deep well of editorial resources and an even larger pool of marketing opportunities.
Eastern DairyBusiness will retain the highly acclaimed Pro-Dairy section, a special editorial package produced by Cornell University and featured in Northeast DairyBusiness for eight years. Monthly themes focus on critical dairy management components. Special issues will highlight two of the nation’s largest agricultural shows –- Empire Farm Days and World Dairy Expo -– as well as the comprehensive annual Dairy Statistics issue.
The magazine also will feature new opportunities for reader connections with advertisers both in print and on companion web sites.
The initial circulation will be 22,000 controlled and BPA audited, including dairy producers with 100+ herds and larger, veterinarians and nutritionists.  All producers and industry participants will be able to purchase subscriptions priced at $20 per year.
Combined with the company’s sister publication, Western DairyBusiness, the two magazines will provide complete coverage of the nation’s dairy industry.  National advertisers will be able to place a single order and receive a single invoice.  Ad content can be differentiated between the two regions at the advertiser’s option.
DairyBusiness Communications, based in Syracuse, NY, produces multi-media for the dairy industry including three monthly magazines (Western DairyBusiness, Eastern DairyBusiness and Holstein World), DairyProfit Weekly newsletter, three direct response buyers’ guides, DairyLine Radio, six active web sites and DairyProfit Seminars.   A division of Multi Ag Media, LLC, it is affiliated with Farm Market iD and Phoenix Data Processing.

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